Notes for Michael Hardt and Antonio Negri Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire


Key concepts: multitude.


Related theorists: .


PREFACE: LIFE IN COMMON

Project of the multitude achieves itself.

Multitude projects to achieve through means fitting FLOSS.

(xi) The project of the multitude not only expresses the desire for a world of equality and freedom, not only demands an open and inclusive democratic society, but also provides the means for achieving it.




Constitution designed to preserve plutocracy.

(248) (quoting Thomas Jefferson) I like a little rebellion now and then. Abigail Adams broke off her regular correspondence with Jefferson for several months after that, and the rebellion indeed ended badly for everyone involved. The Massachusetts legislature suspended habeas corpus and allowed indefinite imprisonment without trial to facilitate the suppression of the rebellion.

Quoting not Trump but Thomas Jefferson, Hardt and Negri remind us the multitude that the US constitution was design to preserve the wealthy elite who constituted a plutocracy within the young democracy.

(248) What is more useful, instead, is to recognize the rebellion as a symptom of an economic contradiction, immanent in the United States from its beginning. The rebellion, after all, was about debt—debts that the farmers could never hope to repay. The United States, despite all its rhetoric of equality, was a society divided along class lines, and its constitution was designed in many respects to maintain the wealth of the rich.







Hardt, Michael and Antonio Negri. Multitude: War and Democracy in the Age of Empire. New York: The Penguin Press, 2004. Print.